Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile System (OİHSFS) Project continues successfully with the firing tests of radar homing HISAR-RF Missile.
Development activities of the Low Altitude and Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile Systems needed by the Turkish Armed Forces, is carried out under the auspices of the Presidency of Defence Industry (SSB) and the main contractor of ASELSAN.
The design and development activities of the Low Altitude Air Defence Missile System (AİHSFS) HİSAR-A were initiated due to decision number “287” made by the Defence Industry Executive Committee (SSİK) on 17.02.2006. In this context, the first Ballistic Test Missile firing was carried out in October 2013. Within the scope of the HİSAR-A Project, the contract price of which is 278.371.118₺ + 193.059.102 €, it is planned to supply 45 towed and 45 self-propelled systems.
The HİSAR-A Low Altitude Air Defence Missile to be used in the Low Altitude Air Defence Missile System was developed by the main contractor Roketsan. According to open-source information, HİSAR-A has 15 kilometers engagement range, 5 kilometers engagement altitude, high-explosive blast fragmentation warhead, terminal guidance with imaging infrared seeker, and dual pulse solid-propellant rocket engine.
The design and development activities of the Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile System (OİHSFS) HİSAR-O were initiated due to decision number “322” taken by the Defence Industry Executive Committee (SSİK) on 30.06.2006. In this context, the first Ballistic Test Missile was successfully fired on July 23, 2014, in Aksaray. It is planned to supply 1 Battalion Headquarters + 3 Batteries within the scope of the HİSAR-A Project, whose contract price is 250.720.295₺ + 132.113.714 €. Each battery contains 3 HİSAR-O Missile Launching Vehicles, and each HİSAR-O Missile Launcher contains 6 ready-to-fire missiles.
The HİSAR-O Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile to be used in the Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile System was also developed by Roketsan as the main contractor. HİSARO-O has 25 kilometers engagement range, 10 kilometers engagement altitude, high-explosive blast fragmentation warhead, terminal guidance with imaging infrared seeker, and dual pulse solid-propellant rocket engine.
In the AİHSFS and OİHSFS Projects, whose foundations were laid in 2006, it has been stated from time to time that the need for an increase in range arises due to the changes that have occurred in the battlefield over 14 years. The need for increasing the range has become essential with the alleged destruction of a HAWK Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile System belonging to the Turkish Air Force, which took place at Vatiyye Air Base in Libya in July 2020. It is thought that the attack carried out by fighter jets belonging to the country “X” at a distance farther than the engagement range of the HAWK system was effective in making changes in the requests of TAF for HİSAR AİHSFS and OİHSFS.
Defence Industry President Prof. Dr. Mr. İsmail DEMİR who answered my question about the HİSAR Project during a meeting on 10 July 2020 has said, “We are starting to realize that an altitude lower than a certain number proves to be inefficient on the battlefield. These projects were discussed and planned according to the agenda of 6-8 years ago. We can think of the situation -some elements of HISAR-A being implemented to HISAR-O- as updating the needs. Especially with the development of technology and the demands seen in the operational environment, shifting the need to a higher class came to the agenda. Therefore, we shifted the project in that way. Now the ranges have to be extended, the altitudes have to rise. This is very clear.”
In the following months, it was announced to the public by SSB that HİSAR-A was revised as HİSAR-A +, HİSAR-O as HİSAR-O +, and that the range/altitude values will increase. Although it is thought that there will be a change as “HİSAR-A +” only for HİSAR-A in the first step, on September 29, 2020, Defence Industry Vice President and Roketsan Chairman of the Board, Mr. Faruk YİĞİT responded to a question I asked during the press conference held in Roketsan, under the presidency of President of Defence Industry Prof. Dr. Mr. İsmail DEMİR. Mr. Yiğit said, “At first, we developed the demands from the force further. Because in this process, your target set also improves its capabilities.
Therefore, you should be able to keep up. We are not planning to deliver another HISAR-A, we are planning to deliver a product called HİSAR-A + with increased range, altitude, and capability. We speak as A + and O + for both HİSAR-A and HİSAR-O. Besides, we have works to fill the gaps with HİSAR-U (SİPER).”
During the interview published on SavunmaSanayiST.com on November 10, 2020, President of Defence Industry Prof. Dr. Mr. İsmail DEMİR answered our question regarding the delivery date of HİSAR-A + and HİSAR-O + systems as follows: “, there is no problem with HİSARs. We are almost done with HİSAR-A +. It’s stuck on something small like an embargo, but we’re also improving it. HİSAR-O + will not be too long either, we can easily say 2022. We are trying to force SIPER a little so that it will come right after. Of course, we can speak a little more clearly about dates after the tests begin. For example, we have a clear path for HİSAR-A +, the tests have been achieved, we need a large number of sub-components for mass production. We have a little trouble in terms of numbers in small sub-components, but if the problem is solved after the production has started, we will continue on our way very quickly. ”
Open source developments regarding the Low Altitude Air Defence Missile System Project are limited for now. However, the Medium Altitude Air Defence Missile System Project has gained a new breath with the HİSAR-RF Missile. A second missile called “HİSAR-RF” with an active radar homing head is being developed by Roketsan, based on the experiences gained from the HİSAR-O Missile with an IIR head.
The HİSAR-RF Missile is a missile with almost the same physical structure as the HİSAR-O Missile.
It is estimated that the HİSAR-RF Missile, which uses a radar homing head, will have a higher range than the HİSAR-O Missile, which uses an imaging infrared seeker (IIR) and has some limits in its range due to the warming problem caused by atmospheric conditions. The radar seeker head of the HİSAR-RF Missile has been developed by ASELSAN with the experience obtained from the GÖKDOĞAN Beyond Vision Air Missile Seeker Head.
The first firing test of the HİSAR-RF Missile was carried out in 2020. It is estimated that the HİSAR-RF Missile will be the equivalent of the HAWK Missile in terms of range. However, technologically, HİSAR-RF is in a much higher position than HAWK. HİSAR-RF will use data link during mid-phase guidance and us…
Author: Anıl ŞAHİN | Source: TurkishDefenceNews.com