The fleet structure of the SIPER Long-Range Regional Air and Missile Defense System has been unveiled. The SIPER System will have advanced radar systems.
Turkey’s defense giant ASELSAN has shared the information about the fleet structure of the National Long-Range Regional Air and Missile Defense System SIPER. Search Radar and Fire Control Radar, developed with national capabilities, will be utilized in the SIPER System.
Long Range Regional Air and Missile Defense System Project Phase-C (SIPER) contract was signed between the Presidency of Turkish Defense Industries (SSB) and the ASELSAN-ROKETSAN-TUBITAK SAGE Partnership for the National Long Range Zone Air and Missile Defense System needed by the Air Force Command on January 2018.
As the progress of the SIPER project continues, new details about the system are emerging. Finally, ASELSAN shared a comprehensive information about the SIPER System. According to the information shared by ASELSAN this is how the fleet structure of the SIPER system is shaped:
- Fire Control Center
- Fire Control Radar
- Search Radar
- Missile Launch / Missile Transport Loading System
- Complete Round Missiles
- Communication Station Vehicle
- Communication Relay Tool
- Maintenance Repair Tool
- Classroom Training Simulators components
SIPER Long-Range Region Air and Missile Defense System provides long-range air defense of strategic facilities against enemy attacks, and has distributed architecture, close and distant deployment capabilities, multiple engagement and sequential firing, working in harsh weather conditions, land, air, sea and rail.
It will have the capability of relocation, multi-tactical data link and upper command control integration, connection with Radar Network Management System (RADNET) and Air Force Information System (HvBS).
General Features of the System
• Air defense planning and coordination
• Management and distribution of information within the scope of command and control
• Combined aerial picture generation
• Multiple engagement and sequential firing
• Manual/semi-automatic/automatic engagement
• Friend or Foe Identification (IFF)
• Threat assessment and weapon allocation
• Automatic diagnosis management
• Multi-target multi-radar fusion
• Bidirectional communication with missiles
• Wired/wireless communication
• Vertical/oblique firing
• Mission in harsh conditions
• Interface with HvBS, Radnet connection
• With tactical data links (Link-16, JREAP-C) connection to the top command
• Embedded simulation
• Ability to operate with 8 FFS (Missile Launch / Missile Transport Loading System), each of which can fire 6 missiles.
SIPER System Search and Fire Control Radars
In line with the contract signed between SSB and ASELSAN for the needs of the Air Force Command, long-range search radar (UMAR) and multi-functional fire control radar (ÇFAKR) with a highly mobile system structure are being developed.
Both UMAR and ÇFAKR are new generation radars with antenna architecture in AESA and digital beamforming infrastructure. Radars have the ability to use meteorological data to increase detection and tracking performance, and their AESA architecture and modular design approach support the concepts of low cost maintenance and high availability.
UMAR is derived from TEIRS radar. ÇFAKR, on the other hand, was designed within the scope of the SIPER System. The ÇFAKR antenna can be used in sectoral mode with its 360 degree side coverage by rotating or with its antenna standing still. As a fire control radar, it can track multiple targets sensitively enough to direct the missiles of the system to the target in long range engagements.
At the same time, thanks to its multi-functional structure, it can also perform the regional/sectoral search function when needed. In addition to the AESA radar, it also includes subsystems that provide Mode 5 IFF and missile data link communication. CFAKR, built on a 6×6 tactical vehicle, can easily navigate the terrain; With its compact design, it can be easily transported to long distances by being loaded on many carrier platforms as a whole.
Features of the SIPER Blok-I Air Defense Missile
The firing tests of SIPER Block-I, the first missile to be used in the SİPER System, were carried out recently.
The test-fired missile was the SIPER Block-I Missile, which was developed over the HISAR-RF Missile. The SIPER Block-I Air Defense Missile, which is estimated to have a range of 70+ kilometers, was developed over the HISAR-RF missile.
Just like the HISAR-A+ and HISAR-O+ Missiles, the SIPER Block-I Air Defense Missile, which has a double-pulse engine, has a detachable launch engine, that is, a booster. Thus, the range of the radar-guided medium-range air defense missile (HISAR-RF) has been increased more than twice.
The SIPER Block-I Missile, developed over HISAR-RF, is only one of the missiles to be used in the SIPER System. SIPER is called a ‘Multi-Layer Air Defense Missile System’, which will have more than one missile option and will host more advanced missiles over time, just like in the Patriot and S-400 systems.