Stand-Off Missile (SOM)

Stand-Off Missile (SOM) is an air-to-surface Cruise Missile with turbojet engine designed to be used against heavily defended land and sea surface targets. SOM provides the capability of destroying designated military targets with high accuracy with the launching aircraft remaining outside the effective range of hostile air defence systems.

SOM-A and SOM-B1 have been in Turkish Air Forces (TurAF) service since 2011. Work for developing other variants, SOM-B2 which has Dual Stage Tandem Penetrating Warhead  and SOM-C1 & SOM-C2 which have ASuW and datalink capability, are ongoing.

Missiles from the SOM Missile Family have a range of 250+ kilometers. Developed to fit the F-35’s internal weapons station, the SOM-J has a range of 270+ kilometers.

The mass production of the SOM Missile, developed by TUBITAK-SAGE, is carried out by Roketsan.

SOM-A Missile

  • Missile Weight ~ 1350 lb.
  • It is the first variant of Stand of Missile Family
  • High explosive blast-fragmentation warhead
  • Global Positioning System, GPS
  • Inertial Navigation System, INS
  • Terrain Referenced Navigation, TRN

SOM-B1 Missile ,

It is designed against soft targets such as SOM-A and differently it has Infrared Imanging (IIR) seeker.

  • Missile Weight ~ 1350 lb.
  • High Explosive Blast-Fragmentation Warhead
  • Global Positioning System, GPS
  • Inertial Navigation System, INS
  • Terrain Referenced Navigation, TRN
  • Imaging Infrared, IIR Seeker
  • Automatic Target Acquisition, ATA

SOM Cruise Missile

SOM-B2 Missile

SOM-B2 is designed against hard concrete targets. Differently from SOM-A and SOM-B1 it has Dual Stage Tandem Penetrating Warhead.

  • Missile Weight ~1450 lb.
  • Dual Stage Tandem Penetrating Warhead
  • Global Positioning System, GPS
  • Inertial Navigation System, INS
  • Terrain Referenced Navigation, TRN
  • Imaging Infrared, IIR Seeker
  • Automatic Target Acquisition, ATA

SOM-J Missile;

It is one of the variants of the SOM Missile System Family specially designed for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) internal/external carriage and used against highly defended, anti-access and high value stationary and moving surface (ASuW) and land targets.

  • Missile Weight ~1000 lb.
  • Semi-Armor Piercing Warhead
  • Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • Inertial Navigation System (INS)
  • Terrain Referenced Navigation (TRN)
  • Imaging Infrared (IIR) Seeker
  • Automatic Target Acquisition (ATA)
  • Network Enabled Weapon (NEW) Capability
  • Universal Armament Interface (UAI) Compatibility
  • Off-Board, On-Board and In-Flight Mission Planning Capability

System Specifications

SOM-A

SOM-B1

SOM-B2

Length~4 m~4 m~4 m
Weight~600 kg~600 kg~650 kg
GuidanceInertial Navigation System
Global Positioning System
Terrain Relative Navigation
Inertial Navigation System
Global Positioning System
Terrain Relative Navigation
Image-Based Navigation
Automatic Target Acquisition
Inertial Navigation System
Global Positioning System
Terrain Relative Navigation
Image-Based Navigation
Automatic Target Acquisition
Range250+ km250+ km250+ km
Warhead TypesHigh Explosive
Blast/Fragmentation
High Explosive
Blast/Fragmentation
Tandem Penetrator
Warhead Weight~230 kg~230 kg~230 kg
SeekerImaging Infrared SeekerImaging Infrared Seeker
PlatformsF-4
F-16
F-4
F-16
F-4
F-16

Source: TurkishDefenceNews.com

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